SQL UNION Clause

SQL UNION clause combines same column(s) name values from two or more table and eliminates duplicate value.

SQL UNION clause is useful when you want to select distinct values (in selected columns) from the tables.

SQL UNION vs UNION ALL

SQL UNION clause used to select distinct values from the tables..

SQL UNION ALL clause used to select all values including duplicates from the tables.

Performance difference between UNION vs UNION ALL - SQL engine do some additional work for removing do additional work to eliminates the duplicated rows.

UNION clause does not support BLOB or CLOB data type columns where as the UNION ALL support this data types.

Examples

Considering following product, out_of_stock_product is our example table. Both table have same column name product_name. Execute this for creating table.

Example Table

CREATE TABLE product(
  category_id number(3),
  product_name VARCHAR(25)
);

INSERT INTO product VALUES (1,'Nokia');
INSERT INTO product VALUES (2,'Samsung');
INSERT INTO product VALUES (3,'HP');
INSERT INTO product VALUES (4,'Dell');
INSERT INTO product VALUES (5,'Apple');
INSERT INTO product VALUES (6,'Nikon');
INSERT INTO product VALUES (7,'Playstation');

CREATE TABLE out_of_stock_product(
  category_id number(3),
  product_name VARCHAR(25)
);

INSERT INTO out_of_stock_product VALUES (1,'Samsung');
INSERT INTO out_of_stock_product VALUES (2,'LG');
INSERT INTO out_of_stock_product VALUES (3,'HTC');
INSERT INTO out_of_stock_product VALUES (4,'HP');
INSERT INTO out_of_stock_product VALUES (5,'Dell');
INSERT INTO out_of_stock_product VALUES (6,'Apple');
INSERT INTO out_of_stock_product VALUES (7,'Canon');
INSERT INTO out_of_stock_product VALUES (8,'Nikon');
INSERT INTO out_of_stock_product VALUES (9,'Xbox');
INSERT INTO out_of_stock_product VALUES (10,'Playstation');

Run it...   »

SQL> SELECT * FROM category;
CATEGORY_IDPRODUCT_NAME
1Nokia
2Samsung
3HP
4Dell
5Apple
6Nikon
7Playstation
SQL> SELECT * FROM product;
CATEGORY_IDPRODUCT_NAME
1Samsung
2LG
3HTC
4HP
5Dell
6Apple
7Canon
8Nikon
9Xbox
10Playstation

SQL UNION Example

SQL> SELECT product_name FROM product
UNION
SELECT product_name FROM out_of_stock_product;

PRODUCT_NAME
-------------------------
Apple
Cameras
Dell
Gaming
HP
Laptops
Mobiles
Nikon
Nokia
Playstation
Samsung
Tablet

12 rows selected.

Run it...   »


SQL UNION ALL Example

SQL> SELECT product_name FROM product
UNION ALL
SELECT product_name FROM out_of_stock_product;

PRODUCT_NAME
-------------------------
Apple
Cameras
Dell
Gaming
HP
Laptops
Mobiles
Nikon
Nokia
Playstation
Samsung
Tablet

12 rows selected.

Run it...   »