HTML Introduction

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for web pages. It is used to create web pages using markup language. HTML is a combination of Hypertext and Markup language to create a structured web page content such as headings, paragraphs, lists, links, quotes, and other so many items.

HTML support to display image files, objects file such as audio, video that you embedded in HTML to create an interactive web pages. Popular scripts languages JavaScript, as well as other scripting languages, are you can use it to create a dynamic user interactive web pages.

The first version of HTML (HTML 1.0) was written by Tim Berners-Lee in 1993. Later many different HTML versions are released. However, the most widely used version HTML 4.01 was released in 2000, which became an official standard version of HTML.

HTML Versions

HTML Version Year
HTML 1.01993
HTML 2.01995
HTML 3.21997
HTML 4.011999
HTML 5.02014


  • All HTML tags are surrounding into opening <html> tag and closing </html> tag.

  • HTML tags are two types, container tag, and non-container tag.

  • Most of the HTML tags are container tags. They hold markup data. E.g. <p>This is paragraph</p> contains "This is paragraph", which is called container tag.

  • While few other non-container tags which are not hold anything. E.g. <br/> tag is non-container tag and used to break line. Also, the non-container tags are self-closing.

  • All HTML tags are written in lower alphabetical. As well as, all non-container tag (also called empty tags) are always written in self-closing.

What are the tools requires to create an HTML?

You don't need to use any special software to write an HTML markup. Only you need a text editor or HTML editor application. If you use HTML editor then it helps you to highlight HTML syntaxes to make readable for a human.

Currently, Sublime Text 3, Notepad++, and Visual Studio Code HTML editor are widely used. They are WYSIWYG (what you see is what you get) and lightweight.